Published: Fri, May 19, 2017
Medicine | By Earnest Bishop

First uterus transplant in India carried out in Pune

First uterus transplant in India carried out in Pune

The uterus from the donor will be extracted using the laparoscopic technique, which is said to shorten the duration of procedure.

Doctors at Pune's Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute have successfully conducted India's first womb transplant operation on a 21-year-old woman who was born without a uterus, according to reports. "Around 80 percent of the retrieval of organ (uterus) was done laparoscopically and only towards the tail end of the surgery when we had to take out the organ (womb) from donor's body that we adopted open surgery method by taking a small incision so that vessels supplying blood to the uterus are not squeezed and damaged", Puntambekar said. Earlier, Dr Puntambekar said the surgical team went to Sweden to learn about the transplantation procedure before practising on human cadavers in Germany and the US. The immediate success of the surgery will be assessed after multiple doppler and sonography studies to see whether the transplanted uterus functions normally. "During this period, the transplanted uterus will be studied nearly every day".

Still in its nascent, experimental stage, only a handful of these operations have met with success in other countries, primarily in Sweden. Twenty-five such surgeries have been performed around the world so far. The complicated surgery took nine hours.

If the surgery is successful, both the recipients will be able to conceive using in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) and have children.

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It was the first of 10 uterine transplants planned by the clinic, in an experimental programme meant to enable women without uterus to become pregnant and give birth. The frozen embryos are implanted in the womb after the transplantation so that the couple could conceive.

The first two womb transplants are being done free although the cost of the procedure is around Rs 7-8 lakh. In that case, the organ deteriorated after clots blocked the blood supply.

Fortunately, her mother was found to be a medically suitable uterus donor for her.

In the Swedish trials, the uterus came from a live donor unlike the USA, where the donor was deceased.

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