Published: Wed, September 13, 2017
Worldwide | By Gretchen Simon

South Korea welcomes new UNSC sanctions on North

South Korea welcomes new UNSC sanctions on North

On the export of commodities - a key source of foreign exchange for the DPRK - the experts said that following China's suspension of coal imports from the North in February, the DPRK has been rerouting coal to other countries including Malaysia and Vietnam.

US Permanent Representative Nikki Haley, who proposed a virtual blockade of North Korea but agreed to the watered-down version after negotiations with China and Russian Federation, after the vote said that over 90 per cent of North Korea's exports were now banned when combined with earlier sanctions on iron ore, metals, seafood and coal exports.

North Korea had said the latest test was an advanced hydrogen bomb. "We are now acting to stop it from having the ability to continue doing the wrong thing", the Indian-origin diplomat said. "This will cut deep", she said.

Several diplomats said the USA demand for a speedy council vote was aimed at putting maximum pressure on China and reflected Washington's escalating concern over North Korea's latest nuclear test, which its leaders touted as a hydrogen bomb, and its recent ballistic missile launch over Japan. A previous version would have allowed countries to stop and board vessels thought to be breaking United Nations sanctions.

Banning the supply to North Korea of all natural gas and condensates.

The import of refined petroleum products is also limited.

China, North Korea's sole ally and main trading partner, had strongly objected to an oil embargo initially sought by the United States out of fear that it would bring the North's economy to its knees. China shares a 1,400-kilometre border with North Korea along the Yalu River.

The textile ban is significant.

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North Korean textile exports in 2016 totaled $752.5 million, accounting for about one-fourth of its total $3 billion in merchandise exports, according to South Korean government figures.

That was despite a more forceful diplomatic tone on the crisis and warnings on the scale and immediacy of the threat from U.S. President Donald Trump's new ambassador to NATO, France's defence minister and the alliance's deputy head.

The proposal for new sanctions follows Pyongyang's nuclear test on September 3.

MCEVERS: Does that mean the U.S.is the outlier here? Militarizing a region on the pretext of one's own security is an extremely risky action.

Among the celebrations was a gala event in honor of North Korea's nuclear scientists, who successfully conducted the country's sixth nuclear test. The new resolution drops sanctions on the airline and army and would only add the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea and the party's powerful Organization and Guidance Department and its Propaganda and Agitation Department to the sanctions blacklist.

It bars countries from issuing new work permits to North Korean laborers sent overseas - there are some 93,000, providing Kim's regime with a source of revenue to develop its missile and nuclear programs, according to a United States official familiar with the negotiations. Bloomberg, however, wrote of it, saying that, "The U.S. administration will have to pay a dear price for her tongue-lashing.' Either way, the North is seething over it".

United States disarmament ambassador Robert Wood took the floor to say that the Security Council resolution "frankly sent a very clear and unambiguous message to the regime that the worldwide community is exhausted, is no longer willing to put up provocative behaviour from this regime".

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