Published: Tue, November 13, 2018
Medicine | By Earnest Bishop

World Health Organization warns 'urgent action' is needed to tackle global misuse of antibiotics

World Health Organization warns 'urgent action' is needed to tackle global misuse of antibiotics

"Save for the rainy days" is the new mantra.

"Nothing less than global health security is at stake when antibiotics are misused, from being miracle life-savers, antibiotics are becoming ineffective against resistant infections, which can affect anyone of any age, in any country at any time", he said.

Another example of continuous improving regarding antibiotics is the Checkoff research that U.S. pig farmers have funded, which totals $6.5 million since 2000.

Antibiotics can end up in soil, water and the environment at large, giving microbes further opportunity to build up resistance FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific, Kundhavi Kadiresan, pointed out.

According to her, this year, World Health Organization is introducing sub-themes to showcase the vast work underway to tackle antimicrobial resistance, and which demonstrate how antibiotics are linked between humans, animals and the environment. The cost of treating these infections is an estimated $3.5 billion a year per country.

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"Africa lacks data on the scope and scale of antibiotic resistance". She added, "Since the rates of antibiotic resistance and the rates of antibiotic consumption as well as infection prevention practices vary from country to country, it is essential to tailor strategies to address specific needs". More than two million people in the United States get infections that are resistant to antibiotics annually, and at least 23,000 people die as a result, according to the CDC.

Mr Agyeman-Manu said the major cause of resistance had been attributed to irresponsible use including incorrect medical indications, inappropriate self-medication, non-adherence to therapy, over-the-counter sale of antibiotics from unlicensed pharmacies and unapproved outlets and inappropriate use in animals across all sectors. "A multipronged approach - including stewardship to protect the utility of antibiotics, incentives to spur development of new antibiotics, and investment in research and public health initiatives - will be necessary to turn the tide against antibiotic resistance". Though, India was against the nomenclature of the resistant strain, steps were initiated to develop a policy to redress the issue. Realising the situation, the Prime Minister spoke of antibiotic resistance in Man Ki Baat.

"Using antibiotics responsibly, under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, is a part of daily life on pig farms and has been for many years", said National Pork Board President Steve Rommereim, a pig farmer from Alcester, South Dakota.

Antibiotic resistance is a global crisis. Some bacteria even change their outer structure so that the antibiotics can not attach and kill them. A global action plan with multiple factors has been suggested to combat resistance.

"Although resistance occurs naturally on its own, we recognise the role farming can play in that area". NPS MedicineWise programs support health professionals and consumers to use antibiotics wisely, including the 5-year Reducing Antibiotic Resistance program, which ran from 2012-2017. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances. World Antibiotics Awareness Week 2018: Themes and Objectives of The Week Dedicated To The Medicine and Antibiotic Resistance.

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